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5 Steps to a Healthy Smile

May 24, 2011

Dont Wait Until It’s Too Late.

Visit your dentist regularly for preventative checkups and cleanings. Your dentist is trained to see the hidden problems you can’t.

Floss is the Boss

Floss your teeth once everyday. Dental floss reaches many areas that your toothbrush can’t.

Eat and Drink, But Be Sure to Think

It’s important to eat a well-balanced diet and avoid excessive snacking between meals – especially sticky, sweet things like candy.

Be Good to Those Gums

Keep an eye on your gums for signs of gum disease. Puffy, red or tender gums, gums that bleed or persistent bad breath are signs that you need to see your dentist right away.

It Takes a While to Brush Your Smile

Brush your teeth carefully at least once a day. Remember, a thorough job takes 2 1/2 to 3 minutes.

source: http://www.healthyteeth.org/prevention/5steps.html

Ayo, Mulai Melakukan SADARI ( perikSA payuDAra sendiRI )

May 23, 2011

Setelah membuat blog ini, saya merasa sangat prihatin dan khawatir bahwa tumor dan kanker payudara ternyata mulai banyak menyerang remaja, dan wanita usia muda yang kebanyakan belum menikah. Bisa dibayangkan masa depan bagaimana yang akan mereka hadapi apabila terdeteksi pada kondisi yan telah lanjut. Selain memakan biaya juga masa – masa remaja /  muda  yang bahagia dan usia produktif mereka akan terenggut.

Oleh karena itu, saya menghimbau para wanita terutama remaja dan wanita muda untuk mulai secara rutin memeriksa payudaranya sendiri. Memang jarang wanita yang mau melakukan ini, karena khawatir menemukan sesuatu di payudaranya, dan ini kadang bisa menimbulkan rasa takut dan frustrasi. Tapi memeriksa payudara sendiri secara teratur dikombinasikan dengan pemeriksaan oleh dokter secara rutin adalah salah satu cara penting untuk mendeteksi kanker payudara secara dini. Apabila kanker terdeteksi dini, maka peluang kesembuhan itu sangat besar.Memang tidak semua kanker bisa ditemukan dengan cara ini, bisa juga dengan mammography. Tapi 10% benjolan yang para wanita rasakan kadang tidak terdeteksi juga dengan alat ini.Oleh karena itu apabila hal tersebut terjadi padahal dengan rabaan ( SADARI ) terasa ada kelainan maka wanita bisa segera mengunjungi dokter untuk pemeriksaan lebih lanjut.

Pemeriksaan payudara secara rutin bisa dilakukan sebulan sekali beberapa hari setelah menstruasi, ketika payudara kemungkinan besar sudah tidak terasa keras,membesar dan sakit. Untuk wanita yang sudah menopause pilih hari yang mudah diingat. Misalnya dilakukan setiap tanggal 1 atau 30 tiap bulan. Apabila SADARI sudah menjadi kebiasaan maka lama-lama kita akan mengenali struktur payudara sendiri sehingga apabila ada suatu kelainan bisa segera diketahui sendiri.Untuk mereka yang rajin mencatat, kondisi payudara tiap bulan bisa dicatat sendiri. Ini bisa menjadi semacam record dan peta kondisi payudara setiap waktu.

CARA MELAKUKAN SADARI

Ada lima langkah dalam melakukan SADARI, yaitu :

1.    Mulailah dengan mengamati payudara di cermin dengan bahu lurus dan lengan di pinggang. Disini, yang harus diamati adalah bentuk payudara, ukuran dan warna. Karena rata-rata payudara berubah tanpa kita sadari. Perubahan-perubahan yang perlu diwaspadai adalah : berkerut, cekung kedalam, atau menonjol kedepan karena ada benjolan. Puting yang berubah posisi dimana seharusnya menonjol keluar, malahan tertarik kedalam. Warna memerah, kasar dan sakit.

2.    Kemudian angkat kedua lengan untuk melihat apakah ada kelainan pada kedua payudara

3.    Sementara masih didepan cermin, tekan puting apakah ada cairan yang keluar. ( bisa berupa cairan putih seperti susu, kuning atau malahan darah ).

4.   Kemudian berbaringlah, raba payudara kanan dengan tangan kiri untuk merasakan perubahan yang ada di payudara sebelah kanan dan sebaliknya. Tekan secara halus dengan jari-jari secara datar & serentak. Selubungi dengan jari payudara kita dari arah atas sampai bawah, dari tulang selangka ke bagian atas perut,dari ketiak ke leher bagian bawah. Ulangi pola ini sehingga yakin bahwa seluruh payudara telah tercover. Kini mulai pada puting. Buat lingkaran yang makin lama makin besar hingga mencapai seluruh tepi payudara. Menggunakan jari, buatlah gerakan keatas dan kebawah berpindah secara mendatar/menyamping seperti sedang memotong rumput. Sambil rasakan seluruh jaringan payudara, dibawah kulit dengan rabaan halus hingga rabaan yang sedikit lebih menekan.

5.   Terakhir, rasakan payudara anda ketika sedang berdiri atau duduk. Bagi kebanyakan wanita, paling mudah untuk merasakan payudaranya adalah ketika payudaranya sedang basah dan licin, sehingga paling cocok adalah ketika sedang mandi dibawah shower. Lakukan seperti pada langkah ke-4, dan yakinkan bahwa seluruh payudara sudah tercover oleh rabaan tangan.

source: http://kankerpayudara.wordpress.com/2008/05/20/ayo-mulai-melakukan-sadari-periksa-payudara-sendiri/

Olahraga Ringan Untuk si Pemalas

May 23, 2011

Berikut lima cara sederhana yang bisa membakar kalori untuk Anda yang malas berolahraga.

Musuh terbesar berolaharaga adalah rasa malas. Meskipun sudah bergabung dengan klub olahraga ternama atau memiliki pelatih pribadi tetapi jika rasa sudah muncul, maka jadwal berolahraga pun dihilangkan dari daftar kegiatan.

Jadwal olahraga pun sering digantikan dengan bermalas-malasan di rumah. Apalagi jika kesibukan kantor yang sangat padat membuat Anda jarang berada dirumah. Jadi, saat sedang dirumah Anda pun malas melakukan kegiatan termasuk berolahraga.

Untuk mengatasi hal tersebut ada beberapa cara sederhana yang bisa Anda lakukan. Berikut lima cara sederhana untuk Anda yang malas berolahraga.

1. Berbelanjalah baju olahraga di toko peralatan olahraga. Belilah baju yang Anda suka baik warna, bentuk dan merknya. Setelah membelinya tentu Anda tidak ingin baju tersebut tidak terpakai. Nah, ketika Anda sedang punya waktu luang di rumah, kenalan baju ini karena akan “memaksa” Anda untuk berolahraga.

2. Gerakan duduk dan berdiri. Setelah duduk jangan langsung menempelkan punggung di sandaran tempat duduk. Posisikan punggung dengan tegak, duduk selama 1 detik, kemudian berdiri kembali. Duduk, berdiri, duduk berdiri, lakukan gerakan tersebut sampai 15 hitungan. Kemudian berhenti sebentar, ulangi kembali sambil mengatur napas dan tahan perut Anda. Agar lebih bervariasi, gerakkan juga tangan. Lakukan duduk berdiri hingga tiga set.

3. Naik turun tangga. Beruntunglah bagi Anda yang memiliki tangga di rumah. Tangga tersebut bisa memaksa Anda berolahraga. Jika malas keluar rumah, Anda pun bisa naik turun tangga untuk berolahraga. Saat naik dan turun tangga, perhatikan langkah, posisikan punggung dengan tegak dan jaga keseimbangan. Jangan lupa untuk selalu mengatur napas dan menahan perut. Satu set sama dengan satu kali naik dan satu kali turun. Lakukan sebanyak tiga set.

4. Siapa yang tidak ingin memiliki perut kencang dan rata. Tentunya hal itu tidak didapatkan begitu saja. Salah satu caranya adalah dengan melakukan gerakan terbang. Telungkupkan tubuh Anda, hingga perut menyentuh lantai. Posisikan kedua tangan lurus ke depan. Lalu, angkat tangan, pundak, lutut dan posisi perut tetap menempel di lantai. Lakukan 15 hitungan sebanyak 3 set. Tiap set beristirahatlah selama satu menit.

5. Setelah melakukan gerakan-gerakan tersebut atur kembali napas Anda. Tarik napas, tahan selama lima detik kemudian keluarkan. Tunggu selama lima detik untuk menarik napas selanjutnya. Lakukan sebanyak 10 kali, agar Anda tidak merasa pusing.

Gerakan-gerakan tersebut bisa membantu membakar kalori, melancarkan metabolisme dan melatih sistem pernapasan Anda. Lakukan gerakan tersebut minimal tiga kali dalam satu minggu.

source: http://kosmo.vivanews.com/news/read/79869-olahraga_ringan_untuk_si_pemalas

Jadwal Imunisasi 2011 Indonesia

May 23, 2011

Agar buah hati Anda memiliki pertahanan tubuh yang kuat dan mampu melawan infeksi, pastikan ia mendapat imunisasi secara lengkap.

Tujuan imunisasi adalah mempertinggi daya tahan tubuh agar anak Anda tidak terkena penyakit infeksi. Meskipun penyakitnya sudah tidak ada, imunisasi tetap diperlukan untuk berjaga-jaga kalau penyakit tersebut muncul kembali.

Sebagian besar imunisasi diberikan ketika anak berumur 4 bulan. Anda akan mendapat kartu yang berisi jadwal imunisasi dan kapan seharusnya imunisasi diberikan. Jangan lupa mencatat tanggal dan jenis vaksinasi yang telah diberikan untuk membantu dokter menentukan apakah anak Anda perlu mendapat vaksinasi tertentu.

Umumnya dokter juga akan menanyakan riwayat kesehatan keluarga untuk menentukan apakah anak Anda perlu mendapatkan vaksinasi jenis tertentu. Misalnya, bila di keluarga Anda ada yang menderita TBC, anak Anda harus mendapat suntikan BCG pada sekitar usia 1 tahun.

Tabel berikut adalah jenis imunisasi yang dianjurkan pada masa kanak-kanak serta tabel penyakit infeksi yang paling sering terjadi pada anak-anak.

source: http://www.infobunda.com/pages/imunisasi/index.php

The Technical Writing Process

May 23, 2011

The technical writing process consists of four phases:

  1. planning
  2. writing
  3. delivery
  4. archiving

The phases of the technical writing process are not necessarily discrete. You might start the writing phase before you complete the planning stage, for example, or you might have to deliver the documentation before you feel it is finished. It is highly unlikely, however, that you will ever archive the documentation before you deliver it!

Some products are released several times. In this situation, you might be in the delivery phase of the first iteration of the project while you are in the planning phase of the second iteration. Don’t panic: overlap in the technical writing process is quite normal.

Every project is different. The process described here might not exactly describe your situation, but it will be pretty close.

 

The Planning Phase

  1. Gather existing information—any or all of:
    • requirement specifications
    • functional descriptions
    • use cases
    • standards
    • contracts
    • etc.
  2. Determine which documents and other information you will create:
    • product descriptions
    • installation guides
    • configuration guides
    • system administration guides
    • alarm-clearing procedures
    • routine maintenance procedures
    • command reference guides
    • online help
    • error messages
    • notifications
    • tooltips
    • etc.

Note: Ensure that you know the terms of any contracts between you and your client or employer, or between your client/employer and their client. If a document is not specified in the contract, do not write it without first talking to your supervisor. [My thanks to Judith in Australia for telling me about a company that didn’t check the contract.]

  1. If the documentation is to include tooltips, error messages, notifications, and dialog boxes, develop a plan to ensure that the wording of these is consistent, clear, and grammatical. Since the design team rather than the documentation team often writes the error messages and tooltips, etc., contact the system architect to work out the details of your plan.

I once worked at a multi-national company where each developer wrote the tooltips and error messages for the small part of the application he or she was working on, with the result that the tooltip for each Name field was innumerable variations of “Enter the customer’s name, 5 to 20 characters,” and that many error messages were ungrammatical, cryptic, different when they should have been identical, or just plain amusing. Here are some of those error messages:

    • At least one subscriber is associated to this group
    • Bad formatted ID
    • Managed object probably exists already
    • Cannot access Naming service. Is running ok?
    • Cannot contact Naming service. Is running ok?
    • Attempt to build a client request with a not supported yet request info type
  1. Determine how the documentation will be delivered to the customer:
    • on paper
    • on CD
    • integrated with the software
  2. If the documentation is to be integrated with the software, contact the system architect to discuss how the user will access it:
    • through a Help button on each GUI panel
    • through a menu item
    • through the F1 key
  3. If the documentation is to be delivered on CD, plan how you will burn the CDs and label them. Determine whether users will need to dump the contents of the CD onto their hard drive before they can access the documentation. How will you convey this information?
  4. If the documentation is to be delivered on paper, determine who will print and compile it. If a printing company, look for printers in your area and establish the lead-time required. If you, ensure that you have:
    • the required amount of paper
    • binders
    • tab separators
    • card stock for the covers and spines
  5. For online help, determine what users will see after they click the Help button. Will they go to a topic that describes how to use a particular screen in the application? Will they go to a table of contents? Will they go to a Getting Started page? When creating online help, it is essential to plan how users will navigate through the help topics before you start writing.
  6. Determine which desktop publishing software and help-authoring tool you will use. Order as required.
  7. Work out the file structure and file-naming conventions for the documentation and online help.
  8. For online help, work out the relationships among the different files. Will some help files be used for more than one GUI screen?
  9. Create your templates.

 

The Writing Phase

  1. Write your documents and make a list of glossary terms as you write.
  2. During slow periods, research glossary terms using more than one source.
  3. During slow periods, research the correct wording for copyright notices of any third-party and proprietary products that you mention in your documentation.
  4. When the documentation is complete, do a spell-check and review your work from cover to cover.
  5. Send the documentation to the subject-matter expert (SME) for a technical accuracy check.
  6. Make the required corrections.
  7. Send the corrections back to the SME for verification.

 

The Delivery Phase

  1. For documentation that is integrated with the application, talk to the system architect to work out the final details of integrating the documentation.
  2. For documentation that is to be delivered on CD, burn and label CDs.
  3. For printed documentation, print each document and insert in binders. Insert tab separators as required. Insert spines and covers.

 

The Archiving Phase

  1. Name your documentation folder on the network with the product name and version number. If you will be updating the documentation in future versions, create a new folder with the new version name and copy all the documents there.
  2. If your company has a document archiving system, use it.
  3. You are done!

source: http://www.docsymmetry.com/technical-writing-process.html

The Joy of Soy

May 23, 2011

Soy milk has long been a popular alternative for people who are unable to drink cow’s milk (usually due to lactose intolerance). But rather than drink soy milk because you have to, more and more people are deliberately choosing soy milk because of the added health benefits.

The benefits from soy are still being disputed, though it is generally accepted that soy milk contains a high number of very healthy compounds. Soy milk is high in protein, and because it is made from beans, also contains considerably more fiber than cow’s milk.

Speaking of being made from beans, how exactly is soy “milk” made? Beans are cleaned and soaked overnight, and then pureed. The solids (called okara) are strained out, and the resulting liquid is boiled for about 10 minutes. A little simplified, but that’s the basic idea. Of course, soy milk is also sold in most major supermarkets these days. There are also a number of kitchen gadgets on the market for making home-made soy milk (some links at right).

Back to the healthy aspects of soy milk. Besides the extra protein and fiber, the biggest benefit in soy milk are the isoflavones. Sounds complex, but basically isoflavones are actually chemicals very similar to the hormone estrogen. Isoflavones are connected to a whole host of health issues, with the most prevant being the prevention of many cancers, heart disease, osteoporosis and more. Berkeley Wellness Letter has an excellent article on soy isoflavones that can explain more.

Soy milk isn’t fat-free, though some people think it is (I suppose because its made from beans). Soy milk does have a bit more fat than 2% cow’s milk, but none of the nasty cholesterol (of which there is approximately 20mg per cup, in 2% cow’s milk).

The largest downfall of soy milk is the lack of calcium. Soy milk has only about a quarter of the calcium, compared to cow’s milk. Many soy milk manufacturers are adding calcium to their products, but studies show that it is not as healthful as naturally-occuring calcium. Thankfully, calcium is easily obtainable from other sources such as sardines, almonds, many beans, and several varieties of green leafy vegetables (like kale and collard greens). Of course, if you are able to handle dairy products, you can get your calcium from yogurt and cheese.

I suppose when it comes to adding soy milk to one’s coffee or tea, it might seem like a moot point considering the quantity. But when it comes to your health, you should make every drop count.

source: http://coffeetea.about.com/od/health/a/soymilk.htm

Common Cold in Babies

May 20, 2011
tags:

Introduction to common cold in babies



 As the name suggests, common cold is common among babies. Do you feel that you are constantly wiping your baby’s flowing nose? If yes, your baby is suffering from common cold that strikes more repeatedly to your baby’s respiratory system.

Most of the common colds last for few days but some even longer than that. In the meantime you can do lot many things to prevent and to cure this common situation.

Causes and spreading of common cold in babies

Most of the common colds are viral infections. It could be symptoms of any disease too. The common cold falls under upper respiratory tract infection that is caused by one or group of many viruses. The first and foremost sign of the common cold is often a congested or running nose. In case of small babies, their nasal passage is small and therefore, it does not take much swelling and mucus that can create congestion.

Nasal discharge is generally clear at first. As the cold progresses, the discharge generally becomes thicker and turns into green or yellow shades, which later becomes again clear and run again.

These viruses transmit either through droplet infection or through those common items that is used by an infected child and a healthy child. These common things include toys, clothes, utensils, waterbags, lunchboxes etc. If a child is affected with common cold, it can also spread by air and any sneezing, coughing and spitting accelerate the intensity of spreading the disease.

Signs and symptoms of common cold in babies

A low-grade fever begins when the running nose is noted. Sneezing, coughing and watery eyes are common. There will be lethargy and in some cases, babies do have difficulties in breathing. The nose gets blocked and often needs to be cleared off.

The child may stop playing and also breastfeeding as it is irritated with common cold. The respiratory rate may go high and lungs do labored breathing to meet the oxygen requirement. 

Treating and preventing common colds in babies

The best way is prevention. Preventing common cold will be far better than treating it since there is no perfect remedy to treat the actual root cause of common cold.
You can prevent common cold by avoiding the contact with a person or a child who has common cold. Your child should given a handkerchief to keep onto the mouth so that there are less chances of getting droplet infections. If your child is suffering from common cold, tell him or her to keep handkerchief while sneezing and coughing so that the infection is not spread to healthy children.

You can keep your room warm and avoid exposure towards the cold. Ayurveda believes that common cold can be treated very well by using herbal decongestant drugs and anti-cold drugs like holy basil, pushkarmool, ginger, black pepper etc.

You can also inhale the mint by putting super concentrated mint oil into hot water and inhale the steam. In infants, the herbal decongestant and anti-cold drops may be helpful. Fever can be treated according to the condition.

You can get plenty of fluids to your baby. Liquids can help loosing the congestion and can washout the toxins from the body. Breastmilk should not be stopped in any condition as it offers immunity to a baby. Your doctor may give you some saline drops that can clear off your baby’s stuffy nose that can help it breathing easier.

Some devices are available in the market known as ‘suction pumps’ that can suck the congestion from your baby’s nose. Use carefully and follow the instruction of your doctor and the matter that is written on pack of such suckers.

Some dangerous signs of common cold in babies

Common cold is okay until it remains common but when it turns to some dangerous signs and symptoms, it needs immediate medical attention otherwise, it can cause serious damage to the child.

If the fever is not mild and it has gone more than 102 degrees, you seek a doctor. If there is deep labored breathing and child is not able to breathe properly due to which, its nails, toes etc are becoming blue (cyanosis) then it is an emergency seeking medical attention. If the cold has stayed for more than a week or so, it requires special attention and other investigations.

If the common cold joins the cough and if there is a bleeding in the cough, it is something wrong badly and needs medical emergency and treatment. Thick green discharge and discharge from ear after getting common cold for several days may indicate something else and therefore, requires doctor’s consultancy.

source: http://www.babycare.ayurvediccure.com/commoncold.htm